Astronomers Have Discovered The Most Inhospitable ‘Hell’ Planet Ever That Rains Rocks

Đukanović And Milatović In The Second Round Of Presidential Elections In Montenegro

According to preliminary data from the Montenegrin...

In 2022 Norway Earned Five Times More From The Sale Of Oil And Gas

In 2022, Norway earned five times more...

Dragan Džajić The New President Of The Football Association Of Serbia

Dragan Džajić, one of the best football...

Companies From Serbia Expect Jobs Worth 10 Million Euros After Successful Dubai Fair

Companies from Serbia that presented their export...

Serbia Is The First In Europe By The Number Of Women In The Gaming Industry

The growing gaming industry in Serbia employs about 2,300 professionals and generates about 125 million euros per year, and...

King Charles III Officially Opens EBRD’s New HQ

King Charles III has officially opened the new headquarters of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in London’s Canary...

Aleksandar Bogdanović Is The New President Of The Executive Board Of Mobi Banka

After all the necessary approvals from the National Bank of Serbia, the first digital bank in the region will...

55th International Car Show Opened

The International Car Show, 55th in a row, opened in Belgrade and has gathered 250 exhibitors who will present...

MediGroup Appoints Marijana Vasilescu As The New CEO

MediGroup, the leading private healthcare company in Serbia appoints Marijana Vasilescu as the new CEO, starting 1st of April...

Astronomers have discovered the most inhospitable ‘hell’ planet ever that rains rocks with 60-mile-deep lava seas and winds of more than 3,000 mph

A recently discovered ‘hell planet’ has been found to have some of the most ‘extreme’ conditions in the universe, with raining rocks and 60-mile deep lava seas.

The world, named K2-141b, was found around 200 light years away from Earth and has winds of more than 3,000 mph and surface temperatures over 5,000F.

Researchers from McGill and York University are the first to predict the weather on the rocky planet, which was first discovered by the Kepler Space Telescope in 2018.

The world is tidally locked, meaning one side always faces its host star, with endless daylight resulting in temperatures that are hot enough to vaporise rock.

The other side, facing away from the star, is a freezing -328F, which is cold enough to freeze nitrogen – the vast difference creates the intense 3,000 mph winds.

K2-141b is a ‘super Earth’, a category of planet not found in the solar system. It is about the five times the size of our world but takes just 0.3 days to orbit its star.

It orbits its just 665,000 miles from its orange dwarf host star, in comparison Mercury orbits an average of 36 million miles from the Sun.

Lead author Giang Nguyen, a PhD student, said the fiery hot world has a surface, ocean and atmosphere all made up of rocks – from molten lava to falling stones.

Nguyen and colleagues created a series of computer simulations to predict what the weather would be like on this extreme example of an ‘Earth-like’ planet.

The exoplanet belongs to a subset of rocky planets that orbit very close to their star, explained the researchers, adding the extreme conditions may change the surface.

This proximity to the star keeps the planet gravitationally locked in place with the same side always facing it – ultimately creating a thin atmosphere in some areas.

Co author Professor Nicolas Cowan, of McGill University, Montreal, said: ‘Our finding likely means the atmosphere extends a little beyond the shore of the magma ocean, making it easier to spot with space telescopes.’

The vaporised atmosphere mimics Earth’s – only with rocks instead of water – with extreme heat causing them to undergo precipitation as if they were water particles.

Just like the water cycle on Earth where it evaporates, rises into the atmosphere, condenses, and falls back as rain, so too does the sodium, silicon monoxide and silicon dioxide on K2-141b – it effectively rains rocks.

On Earth, rain flows back into the oceans, where it will once more evaporate and the water cycle is repeated – in a stable cycle.

On K2-141b, the mineral vapour formed by evaporated rock is swept to the frigid night side by supersonic winds and rocks ‘rain’ back down into a magma ocean.

Still, the cycle on K2-141b is not as stable as the one on Earth, say the scientists as the return flow of the magma ocean to the day side is very slow.

As a result, they predict that the mineral composition will change over time – eventually altering the very surface and atmosphere of K2-141b.

Cowan said: ‘All rocky planets­, including Earth, started off as molten worlds but then rapidly cooled and solidified. Lava planets give us a rare glimpse at this stage of planetary evolution.’

The next step will be to test if these predictions are correct, say the scientists.

The team now has data from the Spitzer Space Telescope that should give them a first glimpse at the day-side and night-side temperatures of the exoplanet.

With the James Webb Space Telescope launching in 2021, they will also be able to verify whether the atmosphere behaves as predicted.

Added Mr Nguyen: ‘Next-generation space telescopes such as the James Webb will be able to detect it from hundreds of light years away.’

The findings have been published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Related Articles

NASA’s DART Mission Hits Asteroid In First-Ever Planetary Defense Test

After 10 months flying in space, NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) – the world’s first planetary defense technology demonstration – successfully impacted its...

NASA Curiosity Rover Data Suggests Mars May Have Been Home To Alien Life

Crater site on Mars would have offered ‘habitable environment for life, if it ever was present’ Scientists assessing data from Nasa’s Curiosity Mars rover have...

Russia To Pull Out Of International Space Station

The head of Russia’s space agency, Roscosmos, said that the country is planning on pulling out of the International Space Station ISS. The new chief...

First Images Of Unseen Universe

The dawn of a new era in astronomy has begun as the world gets its first look at the full capabilities of the NASA/ESA/CSA...

The Us Has A National Strategy To Put Factories In Space

The International Space Station was the first big construction project in space. The US government wants to see more of the expensive hardware in space...

First Private Astronaut Team Back From International Space Station

The first completely private team of astronauts to visit the International Space Station landed safely in the Atlantic off the coast of Florida, in...

Billionaire Richard Branson Soars To Space Aboard Virgin Galactic Flight

British billionaire Richard Branson on Sunday soared more than 50 miles above the New Mexico desert aboard his Virgin Galactic rocket plane and safely...

NASA’s Ingenuity Helicopter Take Its First Flight On Mars

The small rotorcraft made history, hovering above Jezero Crater, demonstrating that powered, controlled flight on another planet is possible. Monday, NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter became...