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Nicolas Marquier, Regional Manager for the Western Balkans at the International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Financing the Future

IFC, the largest global development institution, has provided almost $1 billion in financing to Serbia’s private sector over the past six years IFC, as a...

Dr Ivan Todorović, Todorović Law Firm

Dedicated Advisors and Tenacious Litigators

The Todorović Law Firm has existed for more than 30 years and throughout that time has demonstrated its unwavering dedication to continuously advancing at...

Marija Stojiljković, Founder, Royal Nanny

Children Deserve the Best Nannies

Royal Nanny offers a wide range of childcare services, primarily through mediating between professional nannies and families, providing responsible, meticulous, trained and caring individuals Starting...

Petar Miljković, CEO, 14. Oktobar d.o.o.

Employees are the Company’s Real Strength

This former Kruševac giant, which has come a long way over the course of 100 years of operations, developing from a construction machinery factory...

Ivana Bogdanović, Director of Marketing and Corporate Communications at Addiko Bank

CSR as a Longstanding Priority

In today’s world, where gaining the trust of clients is the most important aspect of a company’s business, CSR, or socially responsible operations, represents...

Despot Kovačević, Assistant Professor At The University Of Belgrade’s Faculty Of Political Science

New Leaders Operate In A Very Constricted Space

In order for a change in leadership to occur, it is necessary to satisfy an array of internal and external factors. When it comes to leaders who make it into power, the predominant necessity is for them to be perceived by citizens as being “less bad” than those currently in power and for them to be acceptable to numerous external veto players

Comparative experiences in the replacing of long-standing political leaders in the region have numerous differences, but also individual similarities. Viewed from a regional perspective, the possibility to change a government lies in the openness of political and electoral competition, i.e., in opportunities to participate equally in political and electoral processes. Conditionally speaking, the “old elites” prevent the creation of room for new leaders and parties to emerge, thereby preserving the positions they’ve already acquired. Instability, uncertainty, inexperience and suspicions of foreign meddling in the sovereignty of the state are presented to the citizens as traps of changing and striding towards something. A number of internal and external factors need to be satisfied in order to change the leadership. In order for a change in leadership to occur, it is necessary to satisfy an array of internal and external factors. When it comes to leaders who make it into power, the predominant necessity is for them to be perceived by citizens as being “less bad” than those currently in power and for them to be acceptable to numerous external veto players, with context also playing a significant role.

Systems with open competition, like that of Slovenia, have a high level of personnel replacement within their frameworks, while closed competition systems like Montenegro’s are very difficult for new leaders to penetrate and for new politicians to develop

Under the aforementioned circumstances, the space in which new leaders operate is very constricted, as there is a need for them to present themselves to citizens as being independent and legitimate players, while on the other hand they must strike a balance with external demands and influences. Systems with open competition, like that of Slovenia, have a high level of personnel replacement within their frameworks, while closed competition systems like Montenegro’s are very difficult for new leaders to penetrate, and thus the potential for new politicians to develop lies in spontaneous movements and individuals who return from living abroad. Existing parties provide almost no space for new personalities to build themselves up as relevant politicians. The trap for all new politicians lies in the determinism of the existing “rules of the game” and institutional frameworks that have been produced by the previous government, so reforms of any kind are aggravated from the outset because there are no implementation mechanisms.

The development of democratic institutions is slowed and the façade of democracy covers the gulf and the mistrust in “democratic mechanisms” of governance, because citizens view them as the culprits. Stable Western democracies had changes of leadership and the arrival of new leaders within their existing multiparty systems and within parties that are stable and clearly profiled, but that has also become highly questionable and unstable in these years of populism and crises. The political systems of the countries of our region have varying degrees of stability, but it is generally the case that they are systems in which space for the new has been constricted and reduced down to rare examples of good practice. The interchangeability of governments, new ideas and policies with new leaders represent essential parts of democratic political processes. In these processes, institutions pass tests and come to be defined as a collection of experiences that utilise the best and most legitimate practices.

Comment by Zoran Panović

Diplomatic Twine

German politician Markus Söder promised to support Serbia on its EU journey. According to the German media, Söder is making “diplomatic twine” in his...

Branka Anđelković, Co-founder and Programme Director of the Public Policy Research Centre

An Even Bigger Grey Market?

In the case of workers of the platform employed in food production and passenger transport, the Open Balkan initiative might not contribute to the...

Čedanka Andrić, President of Trade Union Confederation NEZAVISNOST

Increased Competition Between Low-Paid Workers

Considering educational qualification and unemployment structures in Serbia, my opinion is that this measure could only increase the pressure on workers in Serbia to...

Jelena Jevtović, Serbian Association of Employers

Employers Will More Quickly Find Workers

The employing of citizens of these two countries in Serbia could ease the labour shortage problem, but fundamentally resolving it requires education system reform It...

Galenika Strengthens Market Position with New Strategic Partnerships

Galenika has significantly expanded its presence in the pharmaceutical sector by securing an exclusive distribution agreement with Cantabria Labs,...

HDZ Claims Victory in Croatian Elections but Lacks Majority

The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), the country's ruling party, emerged as the winner in Wednesday's parliamentary elections. Despite their...

Milšped Group Launches Direct Rail Line Between China and Serbia

Milšped Group, a leader in regional transportation and logistics, has announced a new partnership with Shijiazhuang International Land Port...

French Embassy and Institute in Serbia Launch ‘Rhythm of French Culture’ Event Series

The French Embassy and the French Institute in Serbia are organising an event called Rhythm of French Culture. This year,...

Albania to Utilize Drones in Anti-Cannabis Campaign

Albania is set to enhance its anti-cannabis efforts by deploying advanced drone technology, announced Interior Minister Taulant Bala. Starting...

Maserati’s Balkan Expansion: New Showroom Opens in Belgrade

Delta Auto Group has unveiled an exclusive Maserati showroom in Belgrade, setting new luxury benchmarks in line with the...

Peter Pellegrini Wins Slovak Presidential Election

Peter Pellegrini, the candidate from the ruling coalition, won the second round of the presidential elections in Slovakia, securing...

Strategic Energy Partnership Established Between Serbia and France

The Serbian Government adopted a Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Serbia and French Electric Power Company (EDF),...

Serbia-France Innovation Forum Begins: Innovate for the Planet! Play Green!

At the Serbia-France Innovation Forum titled 'Innovate for the Planet, Play Green', which commenced at the Palace Serbia, French...

EU and EP Finalise €6 Billion Support for Western Balkans

The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have finalised a deal to provide an additional six...

Maserati’s Balkan Expansion: New Showroom Opens in Belgrade

Delta Auto Group has unveiled an exclusive Maserati showroom in Belgrade, setting new luxury benchmarks in line with the...

Peter Pellegrini Wins Slovak Presidential Election

Peter Pellegrini, the candidate from the ruling coalition, won the second round of the presidential elections in Slovakia, securing...

Strategic Energy Partnership Established Between Serbia and France

The Serbian Government adopted a Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Serbia and French Electric Power Company (EDF),...

Serbia-France Innovation Forum Begins: Innovate for the Planet! Play Green!

At the Serbia-France Innovation Forum titled 'Innovate for the Planet, Play Green', which commenced at the Palace Serbia, French...

EU and EP Finalise €6 Billion Support for Western Balkans

The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have finalised a deal to provide an additional six...
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